Final Study Guide

Such variants havent disappeared from the human gene

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Unformatted text preview: e alternative names for leprosy is “elephantiasis Graecorum” What function served the clapper that lepers in the middle ages carried around? The clapper was used to alert people that there was a leper in their midst and that they should be careful to avoid him/her. Hansen was a Norwegian doctor who discovered the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, the causative agent of leprosy. Describe the incident that got him in trouble, and that was related to his inability to find a good model host for studying this pathogenic bacterium. Although Hansen is the doctor responsible for finding the causing agent of leprosy, he did so by performing experiments on a patient without their consent. He took a biopsy from the skin of a patient’s nose. The first leprosarium in the US was established in 1921 in Carville, Louisiana. It was said that Carville embodied all that is both sad and good in the history of leprosy. Give an example of one good thing and one sad thing. One sad thing in the history of leprosy is the strict isolation and segregation that was enforced, with restrictions including the inability for lepers to vote or marry. One good thing in the history of leprosy was that Carville was a center of many breakthroughs in treatment and the option of reconstructive surgery. What treatments have been available for leprosy? Some treatments available for leprosy have been painful injections of various drugs, such as promin and chaulmoogra oil. Also, in the 1950s there was an increase in the use of dapsone pills that allowed for bacterial resistance. Finally, multidrug treatments became available, including rifampicin and clofazimine. How is disease stigma thought to have evolved? Disease stigma is thought to have evolved because of a disease- avoidance. Stigmatization is characterized by chronic social and physical avoidance of a person by other people. Victims of stigmatization may be visible and contagious, visible and non- contagious, or label and non- contagious (such as HIV/AIDS). Studies have shown that in regions that have historically suffered high levels of infectious diseases, people report lower levels of sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness. Also, disease- avoidance is evidenced in animals as well as humans (the odor scent of sick animals elicited an avoidance response). Disease- avoidance is thought to have an emotional and a cognitive component. Explain. The emotional component of disease- avoidance is that visible disease cues directly activate feelings of disgust and contaminati...
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This document was uploaded on 03/21/2014.

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