Opiates Lecture

In 1644 the chinese emperor banned tobacco smoking

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Unformatted text preview: 3000 B.C. and found in Spanish burial sites dated 4200 B.C. •  Greeks and Romans used opium to produce consHpaHon, sleep, and ulHmately as a panacea: Hippocrates, Pliny, and Galen More history... •  Opium use spread from its origins in Turkey with the expansion of Islam. •  Arab traders took it to India and China. •  In Persia, Avicenna (ibn- Sina, 980- 1037) recommended opium for eye disease and diarrhea. •  In 1644, the Chinese emperor banned tobacco smoking; Chinese switched to smoking opium. And some more history... •  Arabs trading with Vienna brought opium back to Europe •  Paracelsus (1493- 1541) and Thomas Sydenham, (1624- 1689), father of clinical medicine •  "Among the remedies which it has pleased Almighty God to give to man to relieve his sufferings, none is so universal and so efficacious as opium." They use it because it works… Naturally Occurring •  Opium •  Morphine •  Codeine Chemically Modified •  Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) •  Oxycodone (OxyConHn) When combined with aspirin called Percodan •  Hydrocodone (Vicodin) •  All effecHve opiate analgesic drugs are also ADDICTIVE Heroin •  Most widely abused...
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