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Models of Addiction Lecture

Because the disease philosophy is consistent with aa

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Unformatted text preview: ,on as a primary disease. Causal Factors •  Abnormal traits inherent in the individual •  Cons,tu,onal disease or disorder Stages of the Disease •  Prodromal Phase (early stage) - Increased tolerance to Alcohol - Blackouts - Sneaking drinks - Guilty feelings Stages •  Middle stage (crucial stage); - loss of control over drinking - Personality changes - loss of friends and jobs - Preoccupa,on with protec,ng alcohol supply Stages •  The Late Stage (chronic phase): - Morning drinking - Viola,ons of ethical standards - Tremors - Hallucina,ons •  These stages are progressive and are always encountered in order. The rate at which they occur depends on factors such as: »  Age »  Drug of choice »  Gender »  Physiological predisposi,on Other components of this Model: •  Progression of the stages does not reverse even with prolonged sobriety. •  If one has the disease it is incurable and chronic. •  The only jus,fiable goal for an addict is abs,nence. •  An addict is said to always be in recovery and if the addict doesn’t enter recovery they will eventually die. Further Implica,ons Because addiction is viewed as a disease, even if abstaining any use of any psychoactive drug will usually lead back to the use of the primary “drug of choice” or addiction to the secondary drug. Suggested Treatment for the Disease Model: •  Iden,fica,on and confronta,on of the condi,on •  Lifelong abs,nence Treatment Spets...
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