Models of Addiction Lecture

Contrary to the psychological model the disease

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Unformatted text preview: model views heavy alcohol and drug use as problem behaviors associated with a psychological problem. •  Addic,on to alcohol and/or drugs is seen as secondary to some psychological problems. Causal Factors •  Inability to cope with stressors •  Egocentricity •  Need for control and power, while feeling impotent and powerless. •  Personality or disposi,on ("addic,ve personality") •  Low Self- Esteem •  Poor Impulse Control Psychological Psychological problem → emo,onal pain→ alcohol and drugs → relieves pain Example: A woman may suppress a memory of molesta5on, this results in anger, depression, guilt, anxiety, and embarrassment. This may cause the woman to gravitate towards alcohol or drugs to alleviate some of these mental stressors. It has been suggested by the author and lecturer John Bradshaw, that compulsive behavior such as addic,ons, is a result of a persons a?empt to escape shame from the family of origin. •  In support, Coleman (1982) found that 33% to 62% of female alcoholics had suffered neglect or sexual abuse in their families of origin. Addic,ve Personali,es •  Peo...
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