Models of Addiction Lecture

These groups are taught to use alcohol responsibly

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Unformatted text preview: ol abuse, drug abuse, and substance abuse all stem from religious or moral conceptions. • The Stigmas that the moral model has contributed to addiction and addicts may cause barriers to getting help. Example: If I have a problem with drugs and alcohol and the people around me, believe that addiction is weak willed or immoral, perhaps I would be more apt to try and hide my addiction or solve it myself. Causal Factors •  Spiritual deficit •  Conscious choice •  A 1988 Supreme court decision found that crimes commi?ed by an alcoholic were willful misconduct, not the result of disease. Suggested Treatments of The Moral Model •  Clergy Interven,on (Spiritual Guidance) •  Moral Persuasion •  Imprisonment/Social Consequences Treatment Spets •  Clergy •  Law Enforcement Sociocultural and Psychological Models of Addic,on Differences •  Whereas the Moral Model explains addic,on as a personal choice, Sociocultural and psychological models focus on external factors: »  Cultural »  Religion »  Family »  Peers »  Psychological problems Culture Causal factors •  It has been suggested that socie,es that produce higher levels of guilt, stress, suppressed aggression, conflict and sexual tensions have higher rates of heavy drinking and drug use. •  For example there is a low rate of alcoholism among the Chinese and Jewish popula,ons, perhaps due to the ini,a,on of alcohol in social or ceremon...
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