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1Taste (The Gustatory System)Saydee I. OsborneAmerican Military UniversityPSYC304: PerceptionDr. Heidi KingApril 18, 2021
2AbstractThe sense of taste, made possible by the components of our gustatory system, is a vitalworking of the human sensatory system. This sense is responsible for stimulating the body tointake substances that are necessary for our survival. Not only does it drive the intake foressential substances, it also serves as a protector of sorts warning our body when a substance isnot appropriate for consumption. Most assume the tongue and taste buds are the only partsresponsible for our ability to taste, but there are more innerworkings we overlook. Gustatoryperception is achievable thanks to an entire network of chemosensory organs.Taste (The Gustatory System)Taste is one of our chemical senses that allows our brains to interpret the chemicalcomposition and flavor of the things we consume. “Currently five sub-modalities (tastes) arerecognized, including sweet, salty, bitter, sour, and umami (savory taste)” (Learning,Anatomyand Physiology). The way something tastes will vary from person to person and no two peoplewill taste the same substance the same, this is due to genetics, environmental factors, needednutrients, taste profile preference, age, health, and sometimes one’s level of social awareness.Along with taste receptors, the mouth also contains cells that are responsible for detecting heat,cold, and pain. From entering our mouths to the final swallow, an intricate network of workingsis busy relaying signals to our brains.Here we will discuss the biophysiological aspects of thesense of taste and take deeper look into the anatomical parts, the functions of those parts, andfinally the psychological underpinnings.
3Physiological UnderpinningsStructureThe tongue is the main organ associated with the sense of taste. “The tongue isembryologically divided into an anterior and a posterior part. The anterior part of the tongueis also called the oral or presulcal part of the tongue. Conversely, the posterior part of thetongue is referred to as the pharyngeal or postsulcal part of the tongue” (Lorenzo CrumbieMBBS, 2021). The anterior and posterior parts are broken down into three main parts, the tip

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Term
Winter
Professor
ERIKA DURBIN
Tags
Taste bud, Gustatory system, foliate papillae, Integrative Oral Science

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