Memory- Factors affecting eyewitness testimony- Misleading information.docx

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Memory- Factors affecting eyewitness testimony: Misleading informationEyewitness TestimonyRefers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessedIt’s the evidence given in court, or in police investigations by someone who has witnessed acrime or an accidentLeading questionsA question phrased in such as way as to prompt a particular kind of answerE.g.Did you see a gun? Vs Did you see the gun?E.g.Did you see anyone in the room? Vs Where did you see him in the room?Loftus and Palmer (1974)Reconstruction of automobile destructionAim- to test if the language (leading questions) used in eyewitness testimony canalter the memory of an eventLab experimentIndependent measures designIndependent variable- the verbDependent variable- speed estimatedProcedureExperiment 1: 45 students watched 7 film clips of car accidents and were asked questionsabout it, groups were split into 5 groups of 9, each group was asked a leading questionFindingsCritical VerbMean speed

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Loftus Palmer

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