Explore different proxy wars during the Cold War
Read the text and examine the map below then answer the question that follows
Introduction: Cold War Hot Spots
United States and the Soviet Union never fought one another directly, conflicts between their
allies, and those involving one of the two superpowers took place throughout the Cold War
all over the
world. These types of conflicts are called
person that represents someone else
the Cold War, allies of the United States and Soviet Union were their proxies. Below are examples of four
Cold War conflicts.
Cold War: Proxy Wars
Read about the following events of the Cold War, and watch the videos to help you answer the questions
1950-1953: Korean War
Watch the video
Simple History: Korean War
and read the text below
was a conflict that started between communist North Korea
and South Korea in 1950, but soon became a proxy war between the USSR and
the United States.
In 1910, the Japanese invaded Korea, subjecting the Koreans to a violent and
repressive rule that attempted to replace Korean culture with Japanese. Like
European imperial countries, the Japanese used Korean natural resources to
further the growth of their empire and sold Japanese-made goods to Koreans.
Koreans resisted Japanese rule through efforts like the March First Movement
whose protests gained some freedoms for the Korean people, but Japanese
military rule was strong throughout the occupation.
After defeating Germany in World War II, the United States and USSR agreed to
focus both of their efforts on Japan. The Soviets invaded Japan-occupied China
and Korea from the north as the US fought the Japanese in the Pacific.
Following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese
surrender in August 1945, the Soviet Union and United States occupied Korea
much like they divided Europe. The Soviets controlled Korea north of the 38th
Parallel of latitude and the US controlled the peninsula south of that line.
Map of Korea Today
Map of the divided Korea without labels
is courtesy of wikimedia commons
Unresolved Global Conflict (1945-1991)-Proxy Wars