Dust Bowl Primary Sources.pdf - Primary Source: Dust Bowl...

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Primary Source: Dust Bowl MigrantsCaption: Example of self-resettlement inCalifornia. Oklahoma farm family on highwaybetween Blythe and Indio. Forced by thedrought of 1936 to abandon their farm, theyset out with their children to drive toCalifornia. Picking cotton in Arizona for a dayor two at a time gave them enough for foodand gas to continue. On this day, they werewithin a day's travel of their destination,Bakersfield, California. Their car had brokendown en route and was abandoned.Photographer: Dorothea LangeDate: August 1936
Captions: More Oklahomans reach Calif. viathe cotton fields of Ariz. ; "We got blowed outin Oklahoma." Share-croppers family nearBakersfield.Photographer: Dorothea LangeDate: April 7th 1935
Caption: Migrant agricultural worker'sfamily. Seven hungry children. Mother agedthirty-two. Father is native Californian.Taken in: Nipomo, CaliforniaPhotographer: Dorothea LangeDate: February 1936Observationsabout Dust Bowl MigrantsInferencesabout Dust Bowl MigrantsWhat do you see? Record your observations inthis column.-People mobilizing to California-Had to find jobs on the way to Californiabecause of lack of money from theirwithered drought affected farms.-People packing their homes into cars-Migrants in poverty especially agriculturalworkers-Large families-Unhygienic conditionsWhat do you think because of what you see?Record your inferences in this column.-Okie Migration-Because of the drought and dust, farmswere unable to grow crops, farmers hadno profits from them resulting in apacking of belongings with their familiesand moved to California.-Barely had any money for the trip toCalifornia-Hopes to work as day laborers on a hugefarm in California.
Directions:Read the excerpt of John Steinbeck’sHarvest Gypsiesprovided below. Thebolded words are defined below the reading.Thus, in California we find a curious attitude toward a group that makes ouragriculturesuccessful. Themigrantsare needed, and they are hated. Arriving in a district they find thedislike alwaysmetedout by the resident to the foreigner, the outlander. This hatred of thestranger occurs in the whole range of human history, from the mostprimitivevillage form toour own highly organized industrial farming. The migrants are hated for the following reasons,that they are ignorant and dirty people, that they are carriers of disease, that they increasethe necessity for police and the tax bill for schooling in a community, and that if they areallowed to organize they can, simply by refusing to work, wipe out the season's crops. Theyare never received into a community nor into the life of a community. Wanderers in fact, theyare never allowed to feel at home in the communities that demand their services.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mr. King
Tags
Malnutrition, Migrant worker

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