World Hist Lesson 18, October 31, 2011 - We discussed the five pillars of faith last It is widely appealing and recognizes the equality of believers In

World Hist Lesson 18, October 31, 2011 - We discussed the...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

We discussed the five pillars of faith last. It is widely appealing, and recognizes the equality of believers. In 632 mohammed dies. It isn't long into the religion, merely in its infancy. As soon as he is dead, the muslim community divides. Some want a different leader, others just wants to GTFO because of the lack of leadership. A large number defect. Those believers that are left have a crises over who is going to lead the community. We have two potential leaders: 1 is Ali. Ali was a son in law. Mohammed had no male children of his own, only daughters. Ali was married to mohammed's daughter, so we have family succession, that the leader of the community should be an heir of mohammed. Ali doesn't have much experience, however, so there was a little controversy. Mohammed never said that he was anything special, but his image started to be blown out of proportion after he died. He never said who should follow him before his death either. It is either going to be Ali or another relative: an older uncle who was wiser and an earlier convert: Abu Bakr. Abu becomes the next Caliph, leader. Ali wasn't ready yet. They needed someone more mature, especially someone to take back the defecting tribes. Ali is overshadowed by the older, more mature member of the community. Caliphs are religious and political leaders of the Muslim community. They didn't have a government yet, so the caliph gave them unity. We have these tribes that defected. THe islamic community had to go back around and earn them back. It was a forceful reconquering of the bedouins. ONce these two major crises have been resolved, then the community is reunited and has a clear leadership. Abu was elected by a counsel, and that process becomes the standard for choosing the caliph. THey will turn to external conquests after this. The arabs have not much to do after this. Remember that this was a militaristic community, and had all that blood feuding going on, and the Mohammed made them stop. ONce they are united, they had a bunch of pent up military aggression, so they decided to use against people outside their community. THey start attacking their neighbors. THe persian shave an empire above them, and the byzantine empire as well. They have lots of booty to conquer. What is today he holy land was frontier border areas to them. They were less regulated areas, and they were easy pickings for the Bedouin. They would hit a village, grab the loot, and run. THey would do it before the byzantine government could react. What they find is that as they begin this conquest, both the Sesanian and Byzantine empires are in a state of decline, so the arabs are finding that it is really really easy. They are meeting virtually no resistance. They start going further and further. THey don't' just hit and run,
Image of page 1
Image of page 2

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture