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Unformatted text preview: use change (forest and agricultural soils)
• transport mode switching → ± INVESTMENT
• demand reduction
• (population control?) Scope of policy Planner’s problem Instruments 50
100 Conclusion Introduction Conclusion Evaluation
i.e., comparing outcomes
e.g., How much should we control/reduce GHG emissions?
e.g., How much do we want to effect fuel switching vs GHG
capture vs land use change, etc, in order to achieve a given
GHG mitigation goal? Capital asset
air conditioners, boilers, furnaces, buses
asphalt road / parking lot, bus shelter
airport runway, concrete road / parking lot
road system base, electric substation, houses,
buildings, water distribution mains
reservoirs, dams, railway routes, road routes Scope of policy Planner’s problem Ways to reduce GHGs?
↓ Science: what are the
sources of GHGs?
1 Implementation methane release from
natural gas industry =⇒ 2 CO2 from cement
reaction =⇒ 3 CFCs and aerosols =⇒ 4 i.e., policy design
e.g., How should we get people to make the changes (e.g., fuel
switching, efﬁciency measures, etc), given a particular goal? Instruments Conclusion Planner’s problem: mitigation
what would a benevolent dictator do? TwoThree roles for economics CO2 from coal, oil, and gas
combustion =⇒ 5 . . . =⇒...
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- Fall '10