The difference between the eas tern and the wes tern

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Unformatted text preview: Soviets them s elves , becaus e the Soviet Union was really a Wes tern country. The difference between the Eas tern and the Wes tern way of war is s triking. The Wes t's great s trategic writer, Claus ewitz, linked war to politics , as did Sun-tzu. Both were opponents of m ilitaris m , of turning war over to the generals . But there all s im ilarity ends . Claus ewitz wrote that the way to achieve a larger political purpos e is through des truction of the enem y's arm y. After obs erving Napoleon conquer Europe by s m as hing enem y arm ies to bits , Claus ewitz m ade his fam ous rem ark in On War (1932) that com bat is the continuation of politics by violent m eans . Morale and unity are im portant, but they s hould be harnes s ed for the ultim ate battle. If the Eas tern way of war is em bodied by the s tealthy archer, the m etaphorical Wes tern counterpart is the s words m an charging forward, s eeking a decis ive s howdown, eager to adm inis ter the blow that will obliterate the enem y once and for all. In this view, war proceeds along a fixed cours e and occupies a finite extent of tim e, like a play in three acts with a beginning, a m iddle, and an end. The end, the final s cene, decides the is s ue for good. When things don't work out quite this way, the Wes tern m ilitary m ind feels trem endous frus tration. Sun-tzu's great dis ciples , Mao Zedong and Ho Chi Minh, are res pected in As ia for their clever us e of indirection and deception to achieve an advantage over s tronger advers aries . But in the Wes t their approach is s een as underhanded and devious . To the Am erican s trategic m ind, the Viet Cong guerrilla did not fight fairly. He s hould have com e out into the open and fought like a m an, ins tead of hiding in the jungle and s neaking around like a cat in the night. 45. According to the author, the m ain reas on for the U.S. los ing the Vietnam war was a . th e Vie tn a me s e u n d e rs to o d th e lo ca l te rra in b e tte r. b . th e la ck o f s u p p o rt fo r th e w a r fro m th e Ame rica n p e o p le . c. th e fa ilu re o f th e U.S. to mo b iliz e its milita ry s tre n g th . d . th e ir in a b ility to fig h t a w a r o n te rms o th e r th a n th o s e th e y u n d e rs to o d w e ll. e .No t Atte mp te d 46. Which of the following s tatem ents does not des cribe the 'As ian' way of war? a . In d ire ct a tta cks w ith o u t fro n ta l a tta cks . b . Th e s w o rd s ma n ch a rg in g fo rw a rd to o b lite ra te th e e n e my o n ce a n d fo r a ll. c. Ma n ip u la tio n o f a n a d ve rs a ry w ith o u t h is kn o w le d g e . d . Su b d u in g a n e n e my w ith o u t fig h tin g . e .No t Atte mp te d 47. Which of the following is not one of Sun-tzu's ideas ? a . Actu a l co mb a t is th e p rin cip a l me a n s o f s u b d u in g a n a d ve rs a ry. b . W a r s h o u ld b e u n d e rta ke n o n ly a fte r th o ro u g h p re p a ra tio n . c. W a r is lin ke d to p o litics . d . W a r s h o u ld n o t b e le ft to th e g e n e ra ls a lo n e . e .No t Atte mp te d 48. The difference in...
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This document was uploaded on 03/23/2014.

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