Exam_1_Study_Guide - First Hourly Review Sheet u25cf...

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First Hourly Review Sheet Robert Redfield - (Tepoztlan, Mexico)- Saw a place where people worked well togetherness, harmony, peace, family values, ethics Oscar Lewis - (Tepoztlan, Mexico)- Studied later, Saw a great deal of conflict in the same place. Competition, jealousy Difference : Training led them to emphasize different and aspects of the culture, and therefore see certain things Neither was wrong, they just each approached in their own way Redford- ideology based Lewis- observed social relations while not necessarily asking basis This could be because of their Etic and Lewis possibly viewing all societies as driven by conflict Richard Lee- Ethnographer of the Ju’/hoansi The story of the Ox- the people were mad that he got them such a skinny one The gift was generous, but his manner of presenting the ox to the people was arrogant. They believed in sharing, not boasting Bronisław Malinowski- Trobriand Islands Bias- western white man Caused him to misrepresent the women of the trobriand islands Training led him to look at the wrong aspects Annette Weiner - Trobriand islands Emphasized the economic importance of Trobriand women Malinowski couldn’t have known this for his time, because that wasn’t the role women played from his homeland Carl Linnaeus- Carl Linnaeus is famous for his work in Taxonomy, the science of identifying, naming and classifying organisms Gregor Mendel - Determined information about genetic traits with peas John-Baptiste Lamarck- first to propose a mechanism by which the gradual change of species might take place. Charles Darwin- Natural selection: those most fit to survive and reproduce in a given environment do so more successfully than other in the same population Humans and apes share a common ancestry Napoleon Chagnon- involvement with the yanomami people based on evolutionary findings- misrepresentation William Dressler-
Edward Hall- coined the term “personal space”--- perceptions of time and space differ, and are culturally patterned. Anthropology- (margaret mead)- The study of biological and cultural diversity of humankind, past and present, throughout time and space ethnographic fieldwork methods- different approaches an ethnographer can take in analyzing a people Culture- Ways of life of a people in a particular society Subculture- ways of life within the main culture Holism- different aspects of culture are connected to all the others. When a change occurs, one might affect the other. PATTERNS participant observation- key cultural consultants - people within the culture of study who have specific intelligence on certain aspects four fields of anthropology - Cultural What is learned? Arcaeological Takes material remains and applies to new discoveries Linguistic In social context- grammar, style, meaning Biological Relationships through evolution, genes, and development applied anthropology (action oriented, problem solving)- Emic- Perspective in ethnography from the inside and the local people- what is meaningful to the locals

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