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blood proteins per day.
Located primarily in subcutaneous tissues
and Organization of the Circulatory
and Lymphatic Systems
Thin walled and resemble veins.
Range in size from capillaries to vessels of
Range increased diameter.
Intermittent valves that extend into lumen.
Capillary walls contain contractile fibers
that propel lymph along the vessel.
that Lymphatic Network
Lymphatic Lymphatic Vessels
Lymphatic Changes in capillary or interstitial oncotic
Changes pressure increase filtration into tissues resulting
in Lymphedema- changes in the oncotic pressure (holds
Lymphedemafluid in vascular compartments)
fluid Lymphedema results from impairment in the
Lymphedema circulation of lymph---may be associated with
family history of abnormal swelling, surgery,
radiation therapy, tumor growth, crush injuries,
immobility, or obesity.
immobility, Alterations in Lymphatic Flow
Lymphedema Lymphatic vessels contain valves similar to those in veins.
Lymphatic Lymphedema is an abnormal buildup of lymphatic fluid in
the dermal and subcutaneous tissues.
the Lymphatic flow is altered due to impairment
in the circulation of lymph.
in Changes in capillary oncotic pressures increase filtration
overwhelmed the lymphatic circulatory system.
overwhelmed Lymphedema may be primary or secondary in etiology.
Primary lymphedema is congenital (people can be born
without some lymph nodes). Secondary lymphedema is
more common caused by trauma, recurrent infections,
obstructive mass, infiltrative processes, and radiation can
cause lymphatic vessel damage. Upper extremity lymphedema may occur after radical or
modified radical mastectomy. Manifestations include regional edema and thickened
Manifestations Lymphedema Example Test
Questions Elevation of an extremity
suffering from arterial
a. increase perfusion to the extremity.
b. promote circulation distal to the
c. decrease perfusion to the extremity.
d. relieve ischemic pain. A women who has had radiation therapy
to the axillary lymph nodes may
experience: A. Lymphedema
D. fever Risk factors for atherosclerosis
a. female gender.
c. high-protein diet.
d. low-fiber diet. Which of the following factors is NOT a
predisposing factor for arteriosclerosis?
D. Anemia A postoperative patient develops redness
and edema in the calf. There symptoms
may A. Arterial embolism
B. Varicose vein
D. Lymphedema Clinical manifestations of chronic
arterial obstruction include:
b. intermittent claudication.
c. decreased pressure proximal to the
d. distal hyperemia. The etiology of Buerger’s disease is unknown.
However, to limit blood vessel destruction in a
patient with this disorder, the nurse should
instruct the patient to:
instruct A. Limit fluid intake
B. Exercise regularly
C. Elevate extremities
D. Stop smoking...
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This document was uploaded on 03/25/2014.
- Spring '14