Unformatted text preview: mining a safe dosage for a
child using adult dose
levels. The nurse will base the calculation on
body surface area.
age. 55 A 2-year-old child is prescribed an oral drug
that is eliminated by
metabolism in the liver. The nurse understands
the drug may need
D. given more frequently.
decreased in dosage.
replaced by an alternative drug.
56 The most important factor in adverse drug
reactions in the elderly
D. treatment with multiple drugs.
declining renal function.
use of over-the-counter drugs.
use of drugs with a high therapeutic
index. 57 Studies indicate no risk to the
D. Category A
Category D 58 Transfer of drugs through the placenta is
greatest during late gestation because of which of
the following factors: A.
D. Decreased membrane separation.
Decreased proportion of free drug available.
Increased drug in maternal circulation.
Enhanced uteroplacental blood flow. 59 Some of the more common drugs to be avoided
during pregnancy include all of the following
Caffeine 60 Which of the following situations may result in
medication misuse for the older adult?
A. A drug regimen that is low cost and easily
B. The older adult follows a specific medication
C. The medication bottles have child-resistant
D. The medication can be swallowed without
difficulty. 61 The nurse teaches a lactating woman that
drug effects on the infant may be
minimized by taking medications: a. right after breastfeeding.
b. 2 hours after breastfeeding.
c. 1 hour before breastfeeding.
d. right before breastfeeding. 62 A pregnant client in her third trimester has an
order to receive a prescribed medication. The
nurse understands that transfer of drugs through
the placenta is greatest during...
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- Spring '14
- Pharmacology, Teratogens