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B b c c d d weight weight height height body surface

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Unformatted text preview: mining a safe dosage for a child using adult dose levels. The nurse will base the calculation on the child’s: A. B. B. C. C. D. D. weight. weight. height. height. body surface area. body age. 55 A 2-year-old child is prescribed an oral drug that is eliminated by metabolism in the liver. The nurse understands the drug may need to be: A. A. B. C. C. D. D. given more frequently. decreased in dosage. administered intramuscularly. replaced by an alternative drug. 56 The most important factor in adverse drug reactions in the elderly population is: population A. B. B. C. C. D. D. treatment with multiple drugs. treatment declining renal function. declining use of over-the-counter drugs. use use of drugs with a high therapeutic use index. index. 57 Studies indicate no risk to the fetus. A. B. C. D. Category A Category B Category C Category D 58 Transfer of drugs through the placenta is greatest during late gestation because of which of the following factors: A. B. C. D. Decreased membrane separation. Decreased proportion of free drug available. Increased drug in maternal circulation. Enhanced uteroplacental blood flow. 59 Some of the more common drugs to be avoided during pregnancy include all of the following EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. Tylenol Aspirin Multivitamins Caffeine 60 Which of the following situations may result in medication misuse for the older adult? A. A drug regimen that is low cost and easily attainable. B. The older adult follows a specific medication regimen. C. The medication bottles have child-resistant caps. D. The medication can be swallowed without difficulty. 61 The nurse teaches a lactating woman that drug effects on the infant may be minimized by taking medications: a. right after breastfeeding. b. 2 hours after breastfeeding. c. 1 hour before breastfeeding. d. right before breastfeeding. 62 A pregnant client in her third trimester has an order to receive a prescribed medication. The nurse understands that transfer of drugs through the placenta is greatest during...
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