LO6.docx - INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE STRESS-STRAIN...

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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN THE STRESS-STRAIN RELATIONSHIPAchilles’ heel phenomenonalso known as the weak organ hypothesis in medicine suggests that a person breaks down at her weakest point.Gender and Type A behaviour pattern enhance vulnerability to strain under stressful conditions Personality hardiness and self-reliance reduce vulnerability to strain under stressful conditionsGENDER EFFECTS“Weaker sex” stereotype finds that:Female public accountants have no higher turnover rates than malesWomen’s behavioural responses to stress to be different from those of menMales are more vulnerable at an earlier age to fatal health problems whereas females are more nonfatal, but long term and disabling, health problems TYPE A BEHAVIOR PATTERNis a combination of personality and behavioural characteristics, including competitiveness, time urgency, social status insecurity, aggression, hostility, and a quest for achievementsalso labelled coronary-prone behaviour

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