GEO 1500 The Amazon

Highway network pre 1960 only 200 miles of paved roads

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Unformatted text preview: TEREST in BRAZIL 1. SUGAR (coastal lowlands) − Introduction & growing demand in England − Labour force: African slaves 2. MINERALS (shield/plateau) gold & diamonds − Labour force: African slaves 3. COFFEE: 19th - 20th C − Driven by huge wave of European migration into Brazil − Labour force: major wave of S European migration to Brazil = European farmers 4. RUBBER: 19th C, Amazon IMPACT ON INDIGENOUS − Enslaved- failed, indigenous were m obile o Most driven inland, Amazonia = refuge − Fought back − Attacked by disease − Brazil colonization, over centuries − Dad both types of control o Decimation of indigenous o Admin. & Military control − RUBBER − ~1870s to early 20th C − From soft wood trees in Brazil − Not many people other than indigenous in amazon o Labour force was mostly migrants from N & E Brazil Rubber barons: intermediaries − Control land & trade rubber at ports − Uneven relationship − Tappers had to buy other things from barons − Controlled Brazilian side of economy...
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