Found in most animal fats tropical oils unsaturated

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Unformatted text preview: chain with a –COOH group and without any double bond between Cs. Serves as important source of fuel as they release large quantities of ATP when metabolized. Found in most animal fats & tropical oils. Unsaturated Fatty Acid A long hydrocarbon chain with a –COOH group and one or more double bonds between carbon atoms Serves as important source of fuel as they release large quantities of ATP when metabolized. Found in most plant fats, esp. temperate oils. Phospholipid Glycerol + two fatty acids + a phosphate group +/- another chemical group(Serine,Choline etc.).Yellow: Hydrophobic tail Green: Hydrophilic head. Serve as major components of lipid bilayers. Steroid Lipids with 4 fused C-rings. Various functional groups could be attached. Steroid hormones serve many crucial functions in the body. e.g. Testosterone, estradiol Carotenoid How do you recognize the molecular structure? They are produced from eight 5-C isoprene units resulting in 40 carbon long molecules Color pigments used for photosynthesis in plants & vitamin-A synthesis in animals...
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This homework help was uploaded on 03/25/2014 for the course BIO 311C taught by Professor Satasivian during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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