State Formation and Collapse

Economic stagnation can both icnerase poverty and

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: remaining consistently poor are becoming more fragile) This can be an external factor for other state failures when violence spills over into neighboring “peaceful” countries. Determinants: POVERTY: Poverty ! state failure (this is what most aid agencies think) Poverty leads to grievances against the governments Poverty lowers the opportunity cost of engaging in violence against the state unemployment, etc. poverty increases financial incentives from rebellion state failure ! poverty: revenue losses from fighting rebellions can lead to withdrawal of other public goods. Inability to deliver services can impoverish people on average (spurious correlation between poverty and state fragility) Or something else ! state failure AND poverty? Economic stagnation can BOTH icnerase poverty AND weaken state institutions Out- migration of higher income citizens from countries, leaving home countries poorer and more fragile (MIDDLE EAST) What does the evidence say? Extremely strong and robust relationship between poverty levels and state failure, properly measured (fearon...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/28/2014 for the course INAF 252 at Georgetown.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online