HIST 264_Lecture 11 Notes Holocaust

HIST 264_Lecture 11 Notes Holocaust - :28PM , 1...

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German Occupation and the Holocaust 1/27/13 2:28 PM Tendency to see Holocaust as “beyond history” Holocaust is specifically an Eastern European occurrence, not strictly Jewish and  German. This region was the homeland of Jews until WWII. Only 3% of German  Jews dies, most deaths were Eastern European Jews How did Jews end up in Eastern Europe? Expulsions from Spain/Portugal in 1492 and expulsions from Germany after  being blamed for the Black Death Eastern Europe and the Ottoman Empire  provided refuge Ashkenazi (German) Sephardic (Spanish Often fled to Ottoman empire) Most deaths in the Holocaust from 1941-2 Origins of Holocaust in German-Jewish policy (need to understand German history) Dissatisfaction with Versailles (Do not think they are at fault for WWI and do  not think they lost in the East) No negotiations Long memory of the UK naval blockade Germans are the exception to the new standard of self-determination: Treaties do not  allow Germans outside of Germany to join (even though they might have wanted to) Dissatisfied with democracy parliamentary system is seen as week and  cumbersome (hard to get things done with quick government turnover) this is  compounded by added stress to the Western model through the depression Pushed to extremes. From the 1930s, both Nazi and Communist parties  become more popular Nazis used to only have 2% of the vote, the depression skyrocketed  their popularity Communism’s rise helps Nazis since Germans fear takeover Centralists can’t join coalition and communists and Nazis each too 
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  • Spring '11
  • TimothySnyder
  • History, German occupation, Eastern European Jews

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