INST 310 Technology - Technology Geography(water mountains...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Technology Geography (water, mountains, strategic depth) Strategy Doctrine (how an army is organized and designed to fight) Red words: modern debate over whether technology or doctrine is the true cause of mil- itary power by analyzing modern wars RMA (Central Claim) Recent advances in technology are transforming the nature of warfare from its 20th cen- tury form Most extreme version: Eliot Cohen RMA (Elements) Increased conventional firepower High-accuracy targeting Remote-sensing Communications and information technology (ex: Satellite imaging) RMA (Implications) “A military cliché has it that what can be seen on the modern battlefield can be hit, and what can be hit will be destroyed.” (Cohen) Technological changes permit a dramatic improvement in fire at “stand-off” distances Corollary: permits effects attack on rear area units, especially “command and control” and logistics RMA (Implications) Radical devaluation of maneuver relative to fire in contemporary warfare Armor can be destroyed by non-armored forces Dug in infantry in fixed positions can be obliterated Highly mobile, lightly armed ground forces are used mainly to call in firepower from stand-off distances, walk into destroyed positions, and “mop up” demoralized survivors Evaluating the Revolution of Military Affairs Claims of RMA enthusiasts are empirical but also a moving target (the “revolution” may always be just around the corner) Contemporary wars (Gulf Wars I and II, Afghanistan, Lebanon War) are the best evid- ence we have available No examples of warfare between multiple RMA-capable forces RMA and Afghanistan (Proponents) US defeated the Taliban quickly with special forces, airpower, and low-quality indigen- ous infantry and cavalry (the Northern Alliance) Taliban and al Qaeda units were destroyed at stand-off distances by precision muni- tions; Northern Alliance forces advanced largely without fighting “Afghan model” for future peripheral warfare; not a lot of soldiers, we can use a lot of light forces in future wars RMA and Afghanistan (opponents) Taliban forces were inept in initial encounters, imprudently exposing themselves to US firepower Taliban and especially al Qaeda forces adapted quickly and proved able to survive pre- cision airstrikes using cover, concealment, and dispersion
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Northern Alliance and US forced into difficult ground combat, especially late in the war (Tora Bora, Operation Anaconda) The RMA and Lebanon War Hezbollah infiltrated into Israel and attacked a military patrol, killing several soldiers and capturing others; simultaneously launched rocket attacks in Northern Israel Israel responded with massive airstrikes and artillery fire into Lebanon, followed by a ground invasion 33 day war; no decisive outcome What Kind of War?
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '09
  • MatthewKocher
  • Civil War, Nuclear weapon

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern