Soc 001 Inequality Notes

Soc 001 Inequality Notes - Sociology Notes 3.14.14...

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Sociology Notes 3.14.14 High-income countries - have a developed industrial economy and a gross national income f almost $37,066 per person Middle-income countries - have a developing industrial economy and a lower GNI per capita Low-income countries - are at least industrialized and largely agricultural. Davis and Moore: -Functional view of Stratif 1. Some jobs more important than others 2. Sacrifices to take important jobs 3. Inequality functional to motivate people to make sacrifices *Inequality is functional Marx -Conflict view 1. Inequality the result of class conflict (bourgeoise and proletariat) 2. Inevitable in capitalism 3. Will eventually lead to class-consciousness and communism *Weber: not inevitable and power and prestige important too American attitudes: -Most Americans believe inequality is not necessary for economy
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Unformatted text preview: -Most believe inequality exists bc it benefits the rich-But believe that govt should not intervene Poverty myths:-Most poor people are minorities -The poor don’t want to work-Most stay in poverty-Women on welfare have babies to make money-Welfare doesn’t work and costs a lot Why is inequality universal? Modernization theory- suggests that low-income countries lack modern, progressive cultures Dependency theory- contends that low-income countries are exploited and dominated by high-income countries Summary: How do sociologists explain poverty in the US?-It’s caused by social structural conditions, including unemployment, gender inequality in the workplace, and the lack of support for child care for working parents...
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