Chapter 2 The Historical Conquest

Chapter 2 The Historical Conquest - CHAPTER 2 The...

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CHAPTER 2 The Historical Conquest Nurhaci: born into nobility, becomes disillusioned with subservience to the Ming. This feeling took seed in fertile Manchu populations who had encroached on Chinese lands. Between 1610- 20, Nurhaci consolidated his power base, declaring himself khan, and creating the 8-banner system (a means of population organization as well as military.) Significance: in the wake of Emperor Wanli, Nurhaci fills power vacuum restoring the Jurchen (his Manchu tribe) empire, skillfully offering it as a reformation movement Note: While many profited under the new rule, not all embraced the new Jurchen rulers and it is difficult to say what happened to them. Near-slave labor, as well as Chinese rebellions oc- curred. 1622 26 : Nurhaci is almost ready to attack China, but Chinese rebellions in his territory need his attention, so he doesn t get far. Then in 1626, Nurhaci died. as per tradition, Nurhaci does not leave his power to one heir -> Power struggle ensues until Hong Taiji, Nurhaci s 8th son wins control. Hong Taiji: gains power from more defecting Ming Chinese officials. Expands Banner system to include Chinese banners. Then, in 1636, increases own power by changing the Jin Dynasty (that created and ruled by Nurhaci) to the Qing, and the Jurchen name is changed to Manchus. He dies suddenly in 1643. Significance: he consolidates power further, creates Qing, and furthers the war on the Ming.
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