Groups and Teamwork - Groups and Teamwork Teams vs Groups...

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Groups and Teamwork Teams vs. Groups: What’s the Difference? Why Have Teams Become So Popular? Types of Teams From Individual to Team Member Roles Norms Stages of Group and Team Development The Five-Stage Model The Punctuated-Equilibrium Model It’s a better way to use employee talents Teams are more flexible and responsive to changing events Teams have the capability to quickly assembly, deploy, refocus, and disband. Roles a set of expected behaviour patterns associated with someone occupying a given position in a social unit. Role Expectations How others believe a person should act in a given situation. Role Conflict A situation in which an individual is confronted by divergent role expectations. Role Ambiguity A person is unclear about his or her role. Role Overload Too much is expected of someone. Role Underload Too little is expected of someone That person feels that they are not contributing How Norms Develop Explicit statements made by a group member
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Unformatted text preview: • Critical events in the groups history • Primacy: initial patterns of behaviour • Carry-over behaviour from past situations Why Norms Are Enforced • Facilitates group’s survival. • Makes behaviour predictable. • Minimizes embarrassment. • Expresses central values and clarifies the group’s identity. • Stage I: Forming • Characterized by uncertainty and anxiety • Stage II: Storming • Characterized by intra-group conflict • Stage III: Norming • Characterized by close relationships and cohesiveness • Stage IV: Performing • The stage when the group is fully functional • Stage V: Adjourning • The final stage in group development • Characterized by concern with wrapping up activities rather than task performance for temporary groups Creating Effective Teams – Composition • Skills • Personality • Roles • Diversity • Size • Members’ Preference for Teamwork...
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  • Winter '10
  • Sociology, team member, Group and Team Development, Divergent role expectations

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