Status of Women - Status of Women Human Development...

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Status of Women Human Development Index (HDI) – measure of life expectancy - Nordic countries rank the highest (eg. Norway) Gender-Related Development - Nordic countries rank the highest (eg. Norway) - The closer a country’s GDI is to its HDI, the less gender disparity there is in the country, the countries with the greatest difference are Oman, Belize, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Literacy and Education – 2/3 of the illiterate are women, in sub-Saharan Africa has the lowest number of enrollment for women Life expectancy – in countries where females are treated more equally, 106 or every 100 while in Asia, 94 females for 100 males Economics – women represent 40% of the global workforce, women are paid lower, less people in management, tend to be concentrated on labor relations and personnel, difference in earnings results from women being available to work fewer hours than men - Women’s wage as percentage of men’s wage, highest – Tanzania, lowest – Bangladesh, world average – 74.9% - Women perform manual labor that requires minimal skills, as economies move toward greater use of technology, women are often the first unemployed Violence – women internationally are victims of violence rooted in patriarchy and its underlying assumption of the subjugation of women, many countries do not have laws on violence on women, domestic violence is seen as a private family affair - Female genital mutilation flourishes in many countries in the belief that it prevents promiscuity among women, primarily done in central Africa Political participation - right to vote (earliest: Finland and Norway), highest representation: Nordic countries, seems to indicate that exclusion from politics is not
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as much a function of a country’s level of development or the educational and income level of women as it is of social and cultural constraints - Only 6 countries have more than 1/3 representation: (Nordic countries) Sweden,
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