Immigration and Acculturation

Immigration and Acculturation - Chapter 12 Immigration and...

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Chapter 12: Immigration and Acculturation Tourist – visits a country for a short period of time such as to relax and self- enlightenment Sojourner – lives in a country for a limited period of time as little as 6 months and as long as 5 years with a specific and goal-oriented purpose such as education Expatriate – use to refer to noncitizen worker who lives in a country for an indeterminate length of time, expect to return home Immigrants – sojourners or expatriates whose intent to work but not become full- fledged members of a culture, willing and eager to become members of the new culture and fully expect to remain in the new country Culture shock – stress or anxiety after entering a host culture, to describe the feelings of disorientation and anxiety that many people experience for a period of time while living in a foreign country, results from an awareness of one’s basic assumptions about life and one’s familiar ways of behaving are no longer appropriate or functional Stages of culture shock (5 stages) 1. Initial contact – honeymoon stage, initial euphoria where everything is new and exciting, basically a tourist with his basic identity rooted in the home culture 2. Disintegration of familiar cues and irritation and hostility with the differences experienced in the new culture, can feel inadequacy and can withdraw or become isolated 3. Reintegration of new cues and an increased ability to function in the new culture, emotions experienced at this stage are typically anger and resentment to the new culture for being “different” 4. Gradual adjustment continues toward gradual autonomy and seeing “good” and
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