Defining Communication as an Element of Culture

Defining Communication as an Element of Culture - Chapter 2...

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Chapter 2: Defining Communication as an Element of Culture Communication – share or make common eg. thoughts, hopes, knowledge, requires coding and symbols that must be learned and shared, culture is a code we learn and share, and learning and sharing require communication - Communication and culture must be studied together, culture cannot be known without a study of communication, and communication can only be understand with an understanding of the culture it supports - Communication itself is a cultural element by studying different models of communication Confucianism – good values and guide social relationships Eastern Perspective – 5 effects Confucianism has in interpersonal communication i. Particularism – no universal pattern of rules to govern r/s, interaction with someone whose status is unknown ii. Role of Intermediaries – rituals should be followed in establishing r/s eg. a third party in wedding plannings iii. Reciprocity – complementary obligations are the base of r/s iv. In-group/Out-group distinction – in-group are closer, share deeper feelings v. Overlap of personal and public r/s – business and pleasure are mixed, frequent contacts lead to common experiences as compared to Western culture where public and private lives are separated, guanxi – informal r/s Western Perspective Origins – Aristole’s Rhetoric & Poetics, describes the process of communication as involving a speaker, the speech act, an audience, and a purpose, and which argues that all communication as persuasion involves a speaker, the speech act, an audience, and a purpose
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Modern Theory – communication was conceptualized as one-way, top-down, and
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