HIST 110 Notes Conflict of Ideologies

HIST 110 Notes Conflict of Ideologies - European...

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5/04/10 European Civilization *Omitting French Revolution and Industrial Revolution in exam Conflict of Ideologies Ideologies: belief systems, “—isms” Begin by looking at something of the ideological implications of the French Revolution - Slogan: “liberty, equality and fraternity” o Liberty In the Old Regime/Old Order, it was an order of inequality. There were groups and persons who had privileges that did not belong to others. It was an ideology of inequality and of privilege enjoyed by special groups and not by others. Liberty had no qualifications; it was absolute and imperative. Gave a new impetus to liberalism and democracy. Liberalism Democracy o Equality Socialism o Fraternity Nationalism Ethnic consciousness Class consciousness/solidarity Conservatism - Reactionary response to the forces of the Dual Revolution. - An ideology that emerged among the forces of the Old Order after defeat of Napoleon. He had spread ideas of French Rev. with victories across Europe. When he was finally defeated, kings, monarchs, princes, and reps of old order met to try to turn back the clock and undo the forces of change that Napoleon had unleashed. - Congress of Vienna (1815) meeting to try to turn back the clock and make the world
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safe again for the principles of Old Order - Conservatism was based on principles like respect for tradition, respect for the past, the way things have been done. - Based on the ideology of obedience to authority - Used religion to sanctify the established way so there was a symbiotic relationship with the authority and tradition of religion and those of society and political institutions - Embraced organic theory of the state, and promoted slow and organic pace of change rather than radical and revolutionary -
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