Psychology Objectives - SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES Chapter 1...

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SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES Chapter 1 Thinking Critically with Psychological Science 1.What is the definition of psychology? Answer: The science of mental events (cognition, affect, motivation) and behavior. How does “empiricism” relate to this definition? Is empiricism rationalism? Why is the scientific attitude of “skepticism” important? Please note: Until the 20s, psychology was defined as the science of mental life. From the 20s to the 60s, behaviorism was in vogue and psychology was defined as the science of (observable) behavior. 2. What is the difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychiatrist? What is the specialty of the psychiatrist and what is the specialty of the clinical psychologist? Answer: Clinical psychologists are trained in psychological (read scientific) testing. Psychiatrists are trained in pharmacotherapy. Based on the specialty of the psychiatrist (see above), what might be a problem in referring someone to a psychiatrist for a mental health problem? What are some of the different titles of individuals who may practice as therapists? Answer: Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Clinical Specialists in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Licensed Clinical Social Workers (LCSWs), and Marriage and Family Therapists (MFTs). Please note that in many states the above are licensed by state governmental agencies (sometimes they are licensed by national licensing agencies). Further, note that the licensing requirements may vary from state to state. Many other types of individuals also do limited counseling, for example, school counselors, pastoral counselors, etc. Having a license doesn’t ensure quality but at least the
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  • Spring '06
  • Schaffer
  • Psychology, widely known drugs, Visual cortex- answer

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