HIS110 Final Study Guide Questions

HIS110 Final Study Guide Questions - Chapter 8 1 Islam...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Chapter 8 1.) Islam literally means “submission to God.” Islam rests on the principle of the absolute unity and omnipotence of Allah, God. (222) 2.) The basic difference between the Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims was the Shi’ite doctrine imamate. Sufism is the principal mystical sect of Islam. According to Shi’ites, the imam (religious leader) is directly descended from Muhammad and is thus the sinless, divinely inspired political and religious leader of the community (229) 3.) Women in pre-Islamic Arab society had no legal status. Arab tribal law gave women no status: at birth girls could be buried by their fathers; were sold into marriage which could be terminated by the husband at any time; women had no property or succession rights (237) 4.) Concerning law, a Muslim believes that God is its sole source. All authority - religious, political, social, legal -- derive from Allah, mediated and interpreted by Muhammad, caliphs, and the Ulema (223, 230) 5.) Many of Muhammad’s followers elected Abu Bakr, the first caliph, thus marking the victory of a universal community of Muslim believers. Abu Bakr ruled from 632-634 on the basis of his persona prestige (227) 6.) Muslim imperial administration was patterned after the Sasanids. Muslims adopted the Sasanid and Byzantine patterns of administration, with Arabs controlling the top positions and experienced native officials serving in the lower echelons of the administration (230) 7.) The sacred law, or shari’a was revealed through the Qur’an and the Sunna and interpreted by the ulema. The ulema, a group of religious scholars, interpreted the law as revealed in the Qur’an and the Sunna (230) 8.) All of the following are characteristics of the Abbasid Caliphate EXCEPT: the state was a federation of regional and tribal armies. This was the basic structure of the Umayyad state. Under the Abbasids, provincial governors wielded significant power (228)
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

9.) Which of the following is true of the Ayyubids? They ended the political control of the caliphate over the Muslim empire. The Ayyubids reduced the caliph to a mere figurehead; the figurehead, however, would be a symbol of Islamic unity until the Mongols killed the last caliph (232) 10.) The Abbasid caliphate fell in 1258 when Hulagu sacked Baghdad and killed the caliph. The grandson of Chinggis Khan, Hulagu, and his army sacked Baghdad and later took Damascus (232) 11.) The second class in Islamic society consisted of converts. This were “protected peoples,” such as Jews and Christians. The second class in Islamic society was composed of those people who converted to Islam and had to attach themselves to one of the Arab tribes as clients (233) 12.) In the early Umayyad state, women played an active role in the community. Muhammad had sought to improve the social position of women and during the Umayyad period women played an active role in the religious, economic, and political life of the community (238) 13.) Medieval Islamic civilization surpassed that of Christian Europe in all of the following ways EXCEPT: methods of fortification.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Summer '13
  • JaeyoonKim
  • Islam, following statements, Islamic golden age, following states

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern