Chapter 04 Part 1 - Chapter 04 Part 1 Monosaccharides...

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Chapter 04 Part 1 Monosaccharides Simple sugar units Glucose Fructose Galactose Glucose Major monosaccharide in the body Also known as dextrose In bloodstream called blood sugar Breakdown of starches and sucrose Source of fuel for cells Fructose (fruit sugar) In sucrose In fruit, honey, and high-fructose corn syrup Converted into glucose in the liver Galactose In lactose Converted to glucose in the liver Disaccharides “Simple sugars” Sucrose (Glucose + Fructose) Sugar Lactose (Galactose + Glucose) Milk products Maltose (Glucose + Glucose) Fermentation Alcohol production Complex Carbohydrates Polysaccharides: Starch & Glycogen Amylose Amylopectin Dietary fiber Polysaccharides: Starch 3,000 or more monosaccharides Starch Amylose--straight chain polymer Amylopectin--highly branched polymer Glycogen Storage form of carbohydrate for animals and human Structure similar to amylopectin More sites for enzyme action
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  • Fall '12
  • Uruakpa
  • Glucose, Blood sugar, high-fructose corn syrup

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