IP Chapter 3 notes

IP Chapter 3 notes - Criticism There are other actors...

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Theories of International Relations: Realism and Liberalism Realism: The exercise of power States should seek control whenever they can Morals have no place in international relations Might is right Machiavelli and Hobbes IP is anarchic There is no world government to rule over the states This makes states predisposed to conflict There is no one to stop one country from invading another Security Dilemma One state seeks to defend itself by arming itself The more it arms itself, the less safe other states are Escalating arming between states Military power shows a nations true power But military power can not be attained without economic power Suggestions for actions are often amoral Balance of power Its hard for one individual state to dominate Because other states don’t want to allow one state to dominate, they will ally themselves with one another Hegemony: Leadership Hegemony balance of power does not seek to dominate, only lead? Confusing-find out more in class Its dangerous for a state to become too powerful-can lead to inactivity if it becomes complacent
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Unformatted text preview: Criticism: There are other actors besides states Individuals, such as terrorists, voters, etc. These actors influence international relations as well The type of government a nation has does not apply to realism The type of government a state has influences its actions It is hard to quantify the “power” realism holds in such high esteem What type of power is more important? How do we determine which state is more powerful than others? Liberalism Domestic theory that emphasizes rights of the individual See John Locke Limitation of state power Certain unalienable rights States compete, or cooperate for similar/shared goals Argument against the Security Dilemma If everybody could stop building arms, the dilemma would be overcome States work together to achieve common goals Criticism: If a state gets desperate, they will look out for their own well being They will go back on agreements with other states if they need to This halts progress, and causes distrust Realists call this theory “idealism”...
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