FLS Chapter 4_ Domestic Politics and War

FLS Chapter 4_ Domestic Politics and War - Waltz is the...

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Waltz is the father or neorealism aka the state is one unit. >How does Waltz’s explanation of the post WWII “peace” differ from that of the FLS textbook? Where does it overlap? >If Kenneth Waltz is right, why do we still worry about other states developing nuclear weapons? For example, why all the concern in the U.S. about Iran developing weapons- to the point that sanctions were imposed? > “States that acquire nuclear weapons will not be regarded with indifference. States that want to be freewheelers have to stay out of the nuclear business” How does this argument apply to North Korea? Iran? >Based on Waltz’s argument-are there times when a leader might prefer to give up nuclear weapons in order to keep domestic support? Think about Iran in particular. >Is Waltz concerned with dynamics inside the state? No. >Domestic Politics -relax the “unitary actor” assumption of neorealism -costs/benefits of war> not evenly distributed across the population -some people stand to gain, others to lose -who benefits from war? who loses? -how can these different actors influence the decision to go to war? >Doves & Hawks= Dove (democrats, like peace), Hawks (republicans, likes war) >If we look at different actors within states, rather than following the unitary state assumption, how does this change the bargaining model of war? >Selectorate=the group of all people that could potentially have a say in who the leader is >Winning Coalition= number of people needed for leader to win -large winning coalitions= public goods; unsuccessful policy is punished -small winning coalitions= private goods; unsuccessful policy doesn’t matter much as long as you pay off our supporters (with you private goods) >Who pays the costs of war? >Who gains from war? >Whose support is necessary to keep the leader in power? >Expectations for democracies and war? >Dictatorships and war? >What about military regimes? 10/3 Quiz next thursday midterm 10/22 >”Data-mining” >Democracies don’t seem to fight with one another -why? -any exceptions to this? -Democracy is not the same as capitalism. Capitalism is when the government has no say; its a free market. Democracy means the leaders are elected. -Democracies are more likely to initiate wars against autocracies. They have fewer battle deaths, spend more, win more. >Why don’t democracies fight each other, if they are still fighting non-democracies regularly?
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Democracies fight hard. They pour in resources and put in a ton of effort on both sides >Democratic Peace= free trade-why would you fight a state you trade with in the future? -Kantian Triangle -resolve and casualties: as casualties increase, domestic opposition to war also increases=>desire for war decreases -Advantages of targeted attacks: drones strikes, bombing, navy seals...
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