FLS chapter 1_ What shaped our world_

FLS chapter 1_ What shaped our world_ - International...

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International system is a system of sovereign states. Sovereign is defined as the expectation that state have legal and political supremacy within their territorial boundaries Medieval period: the church is the preeminent international institution. Individual rules are suppose to be subservient to the will of God (the pope) -Feudalism -Crusades failed -Machiavelli “The Prince”: do whatever you have to do to maintain control -Peace of Westphalia (1648) -ended thirty years war -effectively ended rule by religious authorities in Europe --->>established the sovereignty of the leader of each State within its borders -centralized monarchies -Imperialism -Mercantilism -Hobbes: “Wealth is power, and power is wealth” -balancing and bandwagoning in Europe (trying to keep a balance of power, leading to form alliances) -shifting alliances -WWI, WWII (led to the beginnings of world organizations) -Cold War -Emergence of international institutions - World trade began in 1492 w. exploration quests by spain, portugal, england, france and the netherlands. By 1700s, western Europe controlled the world by colonies or sheer military power - main european interests: ensure political and military power, gain access to world markets and resources (mercantilism: an economic doctrine based on a belief that military power and economic influence were complements; favored the mother country over its colonies and its competitor; the exploitation of colonies to gain wealth and resources -spain and portugal were first to explore. then spain overpowered portugal but was faced to deal with its rising competitors: britain, dutch, and french (germany was late to the game but it eventually joins with a huge population-larger than britains- which created tension). “Foreign trade produces riches, riches power, and power preserves our trade and religion.” -Peace of Westphalia: settlement that ended the Thirty Years’ War in 1648; often said to have created the modern state system because it included a general recognition of the principles of sovereignty and nonintervention (sovereignty: the expectation that state have legal and political supremacy within their territorial boundaries)
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