Linguists study: the mind - Introduction Linguists study...

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Introduction Linguists study: the mind (unconscious knowledge that speakers have about their language) Asterisk=non-occurring form Linguists study the mind: indirectly (study something concrete in the hope it will give them some idea of the ways the language is organized in speakers’ minds) -asking people questions about unacceptable/acceptable phrases Personal pronouns: him Reflexive pronouns: himself Antecedent: preceding word or phrase that the pronoun refers to Linguistics process: Observable date (speaker’s judgments/answers to questions) Linguist (makes hypotheses about internal structure of speaker’s linguistic system) Theory (inference about language e.g. pronoun/antecedent rule) Linguists formulate hypotheses about the structure of what they cannot observe (speaker’s mind) based upon what they can observe (speaker’s judgments). Linguistic theory: “a model of what speakers know about a language” 1. Pragmatics Pragmatics: the study of how language is affected by the context in which it occurs “language use” Implicature Implicature: Inferring a proposition from a statement that is (1) not part of an utterance and that (2) does not follow as a necessary consequence (3) an utterance can infer more than one implication Entailment: A necessary consequence of an utterance Conversational Maxim Cooporative Principle: participants in a conversation are cooporating with each other Conversational Maxims:
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(1) quanity – a participants contribution should be no more or less information that required (2) quality – truthful and based on sufficient evidence (3) relation – and relevant to subject (4)
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  • Spring '14
  • EricDrewry
  • Semantics, semantic features, linguistic expression

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