Semantics - Chapter 3 Semantics Lexical decomposition...

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Chapter 3: Semantics Lexical decomposition: Making +/- chart with semantic features Semantic features: adult, male, human = man Reference: Study of what objects are referred to by linguistic expressions Speaker sense: speaker’s intention is producing some expression Linguistic sense: meaning of a linguistic expression as part of a language Lexical ambiguity: words with more than one sense (e.g. fly) Sense Syntactic (structural) ambiguity: Lexicon: Dictionary Synonymy: Words with the same meaning/sense (e.g. big and large) Hyponymy: Oak contains meaning of tree (oak=hyponym of tree) Superordinate: Tree=subordinate of oak Overlap (of semantic features): have the same value for some (not all) features Antonymy: differ only in one semantic feature -Binary antonyms: must be one or the other (dead/alive) -Gradable antonyms: opposite ends of a spectrum (hot/cold) -Converse antonyms: relations from opposite perspectives (wife/husband) Homonymy: same spelling, same pronunciation (bear, bear) Homography: same spelling, different pronunciation (lead, lead)
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  • Spring '14
  • EricDrewry
  • Semantics, Homophony, semantic features, linguistic expression, Coreference

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