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Unformatted text preview: object) that lexical categories can take. E.G. admire requires a human subject; frighten requires an animate object Subcategorization restrictions (syntactic): constraints on the kind of complements (DO, PP) that lexical categories can take. E.G. Conceal requires a direct object, sleep cannot have a direct object. Transformation: Operation moving a lexical or phrasal category from one location to another within a structure.-Wh-movment: move the wh-phrase into the clause-initial position “something”=what-I-movement (inflection): moving the tensed verb (first verb) to the left of the subject NP (e.g. has he concealed the document?)-Constraint on movement (coordinate structure constraint): no element can move out of a coordinate structure (eg “salt and pepper” becomes “what”)...
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- Spring '14
- Grammar, Passive voice, lexical categories