The Neurology of Language - Chapter 13 The Neurology of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Chapter 13: The Neurology of Language Aphasia: damage of language from (1) accident (2) stroke or (3) tumor Hemispherical Specialization: left/right hemispheres control different things Localization of Function: different parts of hemisphere control different functions Frontal Lobe: front part Parietal Lobe: top part Occipital Lobe: back part Temporal Lobe: bottom part Broca’s Area: left frontal lobe, controls expression Wernicke’s Area: left temporal lobe controls comprehension Supplementary Motor Cortex Left Hemisphere Functions -language -temporal order perception -calculation -analysis Right Hemisphere Functions -stereognosis: perceive object’s weight/shape by touch
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

-non-linguistic sounds -visuospatial processing -synthesis Hemispherectomy: surgical removal of the left hemisphere (permanent loss of ability to process language) Dichotic Listening Right Ear Advantage
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: : most people have this for linguistic sounds Left Ear Advantage: most for nonlinguistic sounds Split Brain Research: severing corpus callosum for epilepsy patients Left (dominant) hemisphere can process language actively and passively Right (nondominant) can process language only passively (understanding) Corpus Callosum: Right/Left Visual Fields: left eye signals right hemisphere, right eye signals left Handedness: high correlation between right-handedness and left dominance, but left-handers are divided Conduction Aphasia: involves arcuate fasciculus connect Wernicke and Broca – inability to repeat utterances (can be received in Wernicke but not transmitted to Broca. Anomia: Inability to name objects/access specific words (circumlocutions, clichés, vague) Word Deafness: normal hearing but cannot understand speech...
View Full Document

  • Spring '14
  • EricDrewry
  • temporal lobe, left temporal lobe

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern