Morphology - Chapter 5 Morphology Morpheme Meaningful units...

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Chapter 5: Morphology Morpheme: Meaningful units that make up words -Lexical: have meaning -Grammatical: specify relationships between lexical morphemes -Free: can stand alone as a word -Bound: cannot stand alone as a word -Inflectional: plural, possessive, comparative superlative present past past participle (en) present participle (ing) -Derivational: all others Prefix: before the root Suffix: after the root Affix: bound grammatical morphemes (prefixes and suffixes)
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Auxiliary (AUX): -Modal Auxiliary: can/could shall/should will/would may/might/must Have: followed by past participles (I have eaten) Be: followed by a present participle (I am eating) Do: never paired with other auxiliaries (complementary distribution) Passive Be: immediately precedes the main verb and followed by a past participle (my horse was ridden by Kathy) Complementary distribution (86): Two items never occur in the same environment (e.g. simple active sentence) Tense: Inflected tense does not correlate perfectly with time reference (e.g. I might go with you tonight)
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  • Spring '14
  • EricDrewry
  • Inflection, syntactic category, complementary distribution, bound grammatical morphemes

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