Criminology Study Guide - CRM 110 ISSUES MID-TERM Review...

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CRM 110 ISSUES MID-TERM - Review Sheet Materials covered on exam – Pursuing Justice Chap 1, 2 and 3; Disposable People book. What are Aristotle’s two types of justice? (pg. 10-11) 1. Distributive – justice is what people deserve 2. Rectificatory – principle of equal justice, justice has to do with exchange relationships. Aristotle like Plato and the functionalists favored harmony. What other Greeks do we rely upon for our modern systems of justice? Know major biographic facts about them. 1. Socrates – Plato’s mentor, one of the wisest men of the Athenian time. Challenged students to answer the questions of… what is courage? What is virtue? And what is duty? 2. Plato – wrote The Republic, which discusses topics including the nature of justice, statesmanship, ethics and the nature of politics. “Democracy was little more than a ‘charming form of government’”. Thought that a philosopher-king or guarding should hold the reigns of power, aka an Aristocracy. a. Asks, what is knowledge? What is illusion? What is reality? In his writings in The Republic Were there common concepts in the Hammurabi Code and the Ten Commandments? Be able to compare and contrast these written codes of justice. What is the basis for lex talionis? - Hammurabi Code: the rules that supported obligations and responsibilities of the well off peoples of the day. Justice was rather proportionate, for example, if a daughter was killed/hurt, the punishment was proportionate to her place in society. - Ten Commandments: 5 prescriptive and 5 proscriptive - Lex talionis: eye for an eye. An eye for an eye is the principle that a person who has injured another person is penalized to a similar degree, or according to other interpretations the victim receives the value of the injury in compensation. According to Jewish interpretations the victim in criminal law gets financial compensation based on the law of human equality eschewing mutilation and lex talionis . Know the materials and be able to contrast ancient religious concepts of justice with modern Islamic, Judaism, Buddhist, Catholic and Protestant perspectives. Islam: Review the concepts of war and justice found in Chap 2.
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  • Fall '13
  • BabetteBoyd
  • Adam Smith, Debt bondage, lex talionis

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