8-26 Cultural Changes - EVS195 16:59 o HunterGatherer o o o...

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EVS 195 16:59 Environmental History and Cultural Change 4 Main Stages of Cultural Change: o Hunter-Gatherer o Agricultural Revolution o Industrial Revolution o Informational and Globalization Revolution Early Societies >12,000 years ago Hunter-Gatherer Groups Small Groups (<50 people) Moved regularly by season (nomads) Little short term effect on environment Advanced Hunter-Gatherers o Caused some local extinctions o Carried seeds- altered plant and animal distribution o Still nomads (Seasonal moves) o Still small groups (<100 people- little short term effect on environment) Agricultural Revolution Agriculture arose about 10,000-12,000 years ago o Ice age had ended making it easier to grow things Switch from Hunter-Gatherer to agricultural settlements Domestication of plants and animals Slash and burn cultivation to clear land
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Shifting cultivation as soil quality declined More land cleared for farming and fuel
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  • Spring '08
  • HALL
  • industrial societies, short term effect, global societies, Little short term, Environmental History and Cultural Change, o Flowing Water

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