Geography 1HA3 - Fertility Notes

Geography 1HA3 - Fertility Notes - Fertility Measured by...

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Fertility: Measured by crude birth rate (CBR) CBR= total live births (in one year) per 1000 people - see fig. 4.1, p.129 - describe the pattern of crude birth rates at the global sc Factors affecting fertility: 1. Biological factors -role of age - reproductive years of men vs. women - role of nutritional well-being - poor health status of population related to lower fertility 2.Economic Factors - fertility related to economic development - as development increases, fertlity decreases Cultural factors 3. Cultural factors - Marriage rate (nuptuality) - What is the average age of men/women when they marry? - contraceptive use - avaliability, cost, attitudes (especially religious beliefs) - In general, variations in fertility are closely related to economic development which, in turn,
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Unformatted text preview: affects social and cultural conditions; in general lower levels of economic development Mortality- Measured by crude death rate (CDR)-CDR = # of deaths (in one year) per 1000 people- see fig.4.3, p.136 - describe the pattern of crude death rates at the global scale. Mortality(cont)- factors affecting mortality: 1.although world health organization identifies 850 specific causes of death, mortality generally reflects socio-economic status( or development), ie lower levels of economic development assiociated with higher mortality rates and vice-versa; the same is true of tlife expectancy 2. This contrasts with fertility, which is affected by biological and social/cultural factors in additon...
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