{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

chem126--Acids I Intro and pH

chem126--Acids I Intro and pH - FE2 Acids and Bases I...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Acids and Bases I. Arrhenius Acids and Bases: An acid—substance that produces [H + ] in H 2 O. A base—substance that produces [OH - ] in H 2 O. HNO 3 HClO 4 (perchloric acid) HCl HBr HI H 2 SO 4 (sulfuric acid) Strong Acids HF CH 3 COOH Weak Acids Properties Taste sour (don’t taste any that aren’t foods) Neutralize bases React with many metals to produce H 2 (g) Turn Litmus paper red NaOH KOH Strong bases NH 3 CH 3 NH 2 Weak bases Taste bitter (don’t taste) Slippery to touch Neutralize acids Turn Litmus paper blue FE2
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The red wood ant Formica rufa Formic acid HCOOH Common Acids Dilute (5%) acetic acid CH 3 COOH Citric acid (Why orange sweet?)
Background image of page 2
Acids react with many metals to produce H 2 (g) McQuarrie Mg(s) + 2H + (aq) Mg 2+ (aq) + H 2 (g)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Common Bases O | | Na -- O -- C -- O -- H Baking soda (Sodium bicarbonate) sodium hydrogen carbonate NaOCOOH Soap Detergents Dilute aqueous ammonia NH 3 (aq)
Background image of page 4