GEO 155 Final Exam Review Sheet

GEO 155 Final Exam Review Sheet - Biomes Location...

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GEO 155 Final Exam Review Sheet 02:37 Biomes Mediterranean Shrubland Location North Africa, Mediterranean, and Australia Climate Dry summer and wet winter Maritime temperatures Plant Adaptations Adapted to frequent wildfire, therefore most plant life is fire tolerant. Fire adaptations Flammable oils, sprouting, serotinous cones, and forbs Dominant shrubs are stunted and can withstand hot-summer drought Contains sclerophyllous vegetation Sclero means hard, Phyllos means leaf Meter or two in height Deep, well-developed roots Allows plants to grow back and survive after fires Leathery leaves Uneven low branches Chapparal
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Dominant shrub formations of Mediterranean climates; characterized by sclerophyllous  scrub and short, stunted, tough forest; specific to California Important in agriculture Artichokes, olive trees, thyme, rosemary Animals Predators and grazer Temperate Deciduous Forest Location North America, Europe, Asia, Australia Climate Continental 6 month growing season cold winters even precipitation year round Plants Photoperiod The interval in a 24 hour period during which a plant or animal is exposed to light Plant types Trees, small trees and saplings, shrubs, herb layer comprised of spring or fall  ephemerals, ground layer Ephemeral – plants with short life cycles, usually 6 to 8 weeks Primary Producers (from Food Web) Fruit trees, deciduous trees, berry bushes, fungi, ferns, flowers, nematodes, soil bacteria
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Animals Interlocking food web comprised of: Large predators  Bears ominvores, cougars Small predators (carnivores and insectivores) Foxes, owls, opposums, birds, skunks Plant eaters (Primary Consumers) Deer, rodents, birds, insects Soil Brown Forest Soils Rich, abundant humus Good for agriculture Boreal Forest Location North America and Russia Climate Subarctic and cold continental Long winters Short summers Low precipitation Plants
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Conifers Conical Needle leaf Mostly evergreen Dark color Examples Spruce, fir, pine Animals Fur-bearing predators Lynx, bears, wolverines, wolves Herbivores Bunnies, elk, moose Birds Both migratory and resident Hawks, eagles, grouse, owls Soil Spodosols Acidic Slow decomposition Arctic Tundra Location
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Northernmost latitudes Climate Short growing season Long, cold, dark winters Low precipitation High winds Plants Ground-hugging Sedges, mosses, snow lichen Shallow root systems due to permafrost Animals Residents Examples  Herbivores Muskox, Arctic hare, reindeer Predators Polar bear, arctic fox, wolf, snowy owl Adaptations Thick, compact bodies Thick feathers or fur Accumulate fat deposits
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Migratory Waterfowl, shorebirds, caribou Soil Permafrost Forms when solid or rock temperatures remain below 32 degrees for at lest 2 years Alpine tundra Climate
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