Political Philosophy Lecture notes- Mill

Political Philosophy Lecture notes- Mill - Political...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

Political Philosophy Lecture notes 3/25/14 John Stuart Mill was also an advocate of utilitarianism, but had two differing views from Bentham’s 1. Distinction between higher and lower pleasures. a. In response to the objection that utilitarianism treats human beings as beasts by allowing them no higher end than pleasure, Mill suggests that pleasures can differ not only in quantitative features like duration and intensity, but also in quality. Mill’s argument: 1. One pleasure is of higher quality than another if it is preferred by most people who are acquainted with and capable of appreciating both. 2. Pleasures involved in the exercise of our higher faculties are preferred to as ‘beast’s pleasures’ by most who are capable of enjoying and acquainted with both. Therefore, the pleasures involved in the exercise of our higher faculties are higher quality than a beast’s pleasures. -His interpretation is that some things are so much more pleasurable than others.
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Bentham: Unit of moral evaluation- actions (and the actions choosing laws) Conception of the good- Utility=happiness=pleasure Target- Maximizing Mill: Unit of moral evaluation Conceptions of the good- happiness=pleasure 1. Distinction b/w higher and lower quality pleasures 2. Diverse components of components of happiness Target- An action morally right if it produces enough utility to not be sanctioned 3/27/14 Morality or duty is something people would expect you to do Expedient/worthy (supererogatory) is something you could do, but not punished if you don’t do it. An act is only appropriately sanctioned on the basis of its negative effect on utility. However, there are three problems with this view. 1. Where to draw the line 2. “may be extracted from him” “militate against actually exacting it.” 3. Are the sanctions themselves subject to utilitarian calculation? There is a distinction between perfect obligation and correlative right....
View Full Document

  • Spring '14
  • JapaPallikkathayil
  • Philosophy, Ethics , higher faculties, Lower quality pleasures

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern