HISTORY
Chapter 10 Reading Notes

Chapter 10 Reading Notes - Chapter 10 Reading Notes...

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Chapter 10 Reading Notes Safeguards for Conservatism a. agreed on sound money, protection of private property, strong government w/ 3 branches + checks and balances, that direct elections by the people were dangerous b. Only legitimate government is based on consent of the governed; powers of government should be limited (by specific constitution) c. only 39 of the original 55 signed; 42 remained, 3 refused The Clash of Federalists and Antifederalists a. knew that RI wouldn’t ratify, unanimity would be impossible, so only 9 states needed b. Antifederalists: 1) opposed to the Constitution + strong central government 2) Sam Adams, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee 3) poorer social class, rural citizens 4) opposed Constitution because it was written by aristocrats, destroyed state sovereignty, no bill of rights or annual elections for congressional reps, building of D.C., creation of standing army, no reference to God c. Federalists:
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Unformatted text preview: 1) supported Constitution, strong central government 2) George Washington, Ben Franklin, other aristocrats 3) the wealthy + educated who lived in developed areas by the coast, controlled newspapers The Great Debate in the States a. ratifying convention delegates selected by special election b. chart: 1) first 4 states to ratify: DE, PA, NJ, GA 2) Mass. Vote 187 to 168 3) officially adopted in June 21, 1788 before VA, NY, RI, NC ratified The Four Laggard States a. Virginia: 1) vote 89 to 79 2) Patrick Henry, Antifederalist; George Washington, James Madison, John Marshall Federalists b. New York: 1) 30 to 27 2) Federalist authors: John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison 3) federalist #10 explained impossibility of republican government over large territory c. RI and NC last states to ratify, after government was in effect for some months A Conservative Triumph Varying Viewpoints...
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