Chapter 9 Study Guide - Ch 9 Study Guide The Confederation...

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Ch. 9 Study Guide: “The Confederation and the Constitution” A Convention of Demigods a. only 5 states represented at Annapolis convention b. Alexander Hamilton called on Congress to summon a convention in Philadelphia c. “ for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles d. all state legislatures except RI appointed delegates e. 55 delegates; George Washington, Ben Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison; absent: Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, John Adams (in England), Sam Adams, John Hancock (not elected by Mass.), Patrick Henry (declined) Patriots in Philadelphia a. delegates conservative + wealthy: lawyers, merchants, shippers, land speculators, moneylenders b. 19 slaveowners c. aimed to strengthen republic, create enduring government w/ actual power, preserve union + forestall anarchy Hammering Out a Bundle of Compromises a. decided to create new constitution instead of revising
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Unformatted text preview: b. Representation in the government: 1) Large state plan: representation according to population 2) Small state plan: equal representation regardless of size 3) Great Compromise: a) Based on population in House of Representatives, 2 votes each in Senate b) Tax bills must originate in House c. executive branch: commander in chief, could appoint domestic offices, judgeships, veto power d. other compromises: 1) election of president a) popular and electoral votes based on population, equal if it goies to the House (one vote per state) b) large states had advantage in popular vote c) small states had advantage in House 2) counting of slaves a) should slaves count towards apportioning taxes/representation? b) “3/5 compromise”, 3/5 of a person 3) most states wanted to abolish slave trade, necessary for SC and Ga; could continue until end of 1807, then Congress could stop it...
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  • Fall '10
  • Jacobs
  • large state plan, w/ actual power

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