Chapter 6 Reading Notes - Chapter 6 Reading Notes B The...

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Chapter 6 Reading Notes B. The Economy 1. Triangular trade: rum brought to Africa slaves brought to west Indies molasses brought to colonies, distilled into rum (start over) 2. Mercantilism: Britain attempted to control American commerce; Molasses act, re- exporters 3. Professions: small farmers, skilled artisans, shopkeepers, tradespeople, unskilled laborers, merchant princes, orphan class (relied on charity), planters, slaves, tenant farmers, indentured servants, jail birds, clergy, physicians, jurists, lawyers, fishers 4. “Social Pyramid” – it was relatively easy for one to climb the social ladder with dedication 5.90 % engaged in agriculture (esp. tobacco, grain) C. Religion (and Education) 1. First Great Awakening: Who: Pastor Jonathan Edwards: (Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God); George Whitefield: evangelical preacher, “New Lights” What: religious revival, spiritual ardor; human helplessness and divine omnipotence When: 1730s and 1740s Where: started in Northampton, Ma Why: tedious sermons, belief of no predestination, spiritual conversion not necessary How: evangelical sermons, abused sinners, emotional appeals
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2. evangelical preaching created enthusiasm: Ben Franklin made a generous donation,
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