Exam 2 Review - Review Sheet for the Second Exam HS 132 U.S...

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Review Sheet for the Second Exam HS 132 – U.S. History Since Reconstruction Events, Organizations, Terms, and Places 1919 (significance of the year) American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Organization founded during WWI to protest the suppression of freedom of expression in wartime; played a major role in court cases that achieved judicial recognition of American civil liberties. Americanization – assimilation into the American culture; Americans believed it was their duty to institute American ideals onto other countries Braceros – System agreed to by Mexican and American governments in 1942 under which tens of thousands of Mexicans entered the US to work temporarily in agricultural jobs in the Southwest; lasted until 1964 and inhibited labor organization among farm workers since braceros could be deported at any time Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) – public work relief program that operated from 1933- 1942 in the US for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families, ages 18-25. Part of the New Deal by FDR, who provided unskilled manual labor jobs related to the conservation development of natural resources in rural lands owned by federal, state, and local governments. Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) Federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the US and Canada from 1935-1955; Supported FDR and the New Deal and was open to blacks. “D-Day” – June 6, 1944, when an Allied amphibious assault landed on the Normandy coast and established a foothold in Europe, leading to the liberation of France from German occupation. Dumbarton Oaks conference – International conference which the UN was formulated and negotiated among international leaders; Held in Dumbarton Oaks from August 21, 1944-October 7, 1944. Dust Bowl – Great Plains counties where millions of tons of topsoil were blown away from parched farmland in the 1930’s; massive migration of farm families followed. Eighteenth Amendment – declared production, transport and sale of alcohol illegal.
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