Unformatted text preview: important here Choosing'an'appropriate'test:'
• Client's goals (endurance vs. strength) Client characteristics (assessed via initial assessments)
Sport vs. fitness goals
# tests to be performed want to test various smaller muscle groups
Order of exercises
start with ones of highest priority and work down to lowest priority Assessing'Dynamic'Strength:'Exercises'
• Bench press (upper) and leg press (lower).
Comprehensive: ldooking at son needsuscle groups fitness of client
• Bench press, arm curl, latissimus pull, leg
press, leg extension, leg curl
• Base exercises on Needs Analysis ACSM 2000 Repor4ng'Results'to'Client'
• Explain what
you are measuring
you are measuring it.
• When comparing to norms, use relative
values. (relative to body mass or % 1-RM)
• Use first test as baseline to compare
subsequent tests to look at improvement.
– Use absolute values unless weight
gain or loss has occurred at follow-up
! if weight change, use relative
• Don’t use technical terms – make
interpretations meaningful ' Should'I'calculate'rela4ve'strength?'
• Strength is directly related to mass and lean body mass • Standardizing for differences in mass makes it fairer
when comparing to norms or groups of individuals.
• Relative strength is important when supporting or
moving one’s own body. i.e. a push up
• Can you use this for reporting client values or exercise
varies based on situation and goals of client SexFbased'diﬀerences'
• Women have 2/3
muscle mass) strength of men ( 30 % less • Female are similar to males:
– Absolute lower-body strength
– Strength per kg body weight
– Strength / cross-sectional area of muscle
– Strength per fat-free mass
– Relative strength increase and hypertrophy rates
amount of hypertrophy seen in women will be
very diff from males • Upper body strength in females is lower than males Consider'Strength'Balance'Between'
Hip Extensors and flexors 1:1 Elbow Extensors and flexors 1:1 Trunk Extensors and flexors 1:1 Ankle inverters and everters 1:1 Shoulder flexors and extensors 2:3 Knee extensors and flexors 3:2 Shoulder internal and external rotators 3:2 Ankle plantar flexors and dorsiflexors 3:1 keep in mind
• Most common acute injury in sport is
• Amount of strain on a muscle is
determined by force
• A stronger muscle can resist greater
impulse (spontaneous) forces before
– a given absolute force is a lower % of the
maximum strength ....
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- Fall '12
- Endurance, Cardiovascular Endurance, muscle group